Updated by
Fr. Mathew Bulala, MA

Economy in Geita Diocese:

The Tanzania’s economy is one of the poorest in the world based on the UN statistics for 2009. Almost 36% of the total population (in excess of 43.7 million) lives below the international poverty line. Tanzania’s economy is highly dependent on subsistence agricultural productivity. The agro sector contributes more than two-thirds of the GDP. It accounts for almost 85% of the total exports and employs nearly 80% of the population. However, agriculture is restricted to the coastal plains, since nearly 90% of the land is not arable. The small industrial sector basically comprises food processing plants. Light consumer goods are also manufactured in the country. After 2000, the country has also invested in the mining sector. Tanzania has large deposits of gold and natural gas (cf. http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/tanzania/)

The governmental system practiced is capitalism, from which the country has benefited with a diversity of employment opportunities. Ten percent of people are employed in different government sectors such as communication, healthcare, small traders, builders and mine laborers. However, the majority are subsistence farmers who produce food for their own consumption, while some people remain unemployed.

The majority of workers are involved in hot culture farming. They produce a very small amount of dairy, beef cattle, cash and food crops.

In the Diocese of Geita, the major food crops are rice, cassavas, potatoes, pineapples, and maize. Some areas grow cotton as a cash crop, but not on a large scale. The land is very fertile but it is affected by dry seasons. During a good season people are able to produce more. Not only dry seasons affect the land, but also the lack of better agricultural equipments hinders the farmers to produce more.

Main crops

corn farm
Cassava tuber root
Pineaple's garden



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